Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol
Environmental Field Analysis
Prof. D.M. Sherman
This is the Level-4 field and laboratory course for Environmental Geoscience MSci Students. The goal of this
unit is to teach students proper field sampling techniques, laboratory analytical techniques (ICP-OES, Ion Chromatography) and how to write a scientific report.
In this unit, we will undertake a field sampling and analysis of catchment waters near Lake Windermere; we will
also sample the lake and its sediments as a function of depth. Analysis of major and trace elements will be done
using the ICP-OES facilty at Bristol. We will also analyse the water samples for anions using ion chromatography.
From the analytical data we obtain, we will try to identify the processes determining the chemistry of the catchment
streams and the lake itself. We will use the analyses to develop a box model for the major ions in Lake Windermere.
Please consult the course handout for details of the work plan and report guidelines.
Hamilton-Taylor J. (1979) Enrichments of zinc, lead, and copper in
recent sediments of Windermere, England
Environ. Sci. Technol., 13 (6), 693-697 DOI: 10.1021/es60154a008
Sholkovitz ER, and Copland D (1982) The major element chemistry of suspended particles in the
north basin of Windermere. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 46, 1921-1930.
Talling JF (2006) Interrelated seasonal shifts in acid-base and oxidation-reduction systems that determine chemical
stratification in three dissimilar English lake basins. Hydrobiologica, 568, 275-286 (download)
G.J.P. Thornton, GJP, Dise, NB (1998) The influence of catchment characteristics, agricultural activities and atmospheric deposition on the chemistry of small streams in the English Lake District. Science of the Total Environment, 216, 63-75.
Tipping, E., A.J. Lawlor, S. Lofts, L. Shotbolt (2006) Simulating the long-term chemistry of an upland UK catchment: Heavy metals. Environmental Pollution, 141, 139-150.
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