Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol
Chemistry for Earth Sciences
Prof. D.M. Sherman
Lecture 14: Descriptive (Geo)Chemistry of the Transition Metals
The partially occupied d-orbitals of the transition metals give these elements several unusual physical properties. First, these metals may have several stable oxidation states and, consequently, play key roles in biogeochemical processes. Second, the splitting of the d-orbitals by the crystal field (coordination environment) gives colors in minerals and site occupancy preferences inminerals and solution complexes.