Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol
Chemistry for Earth Sciences
Prof. D.M. Sherman

Lecture 11: The Phase Rule and Colligative Properties of Solutions


The phase rule is a powerful tool in geology since it constrains how the phases in a system (e.g.,the minerals in a rock) can vary as a function of the intensive properties (e.g., pressure, temperature, pH..). The colligative properties of a solution show how boiling and melting temperatures of the solventare affected by composition.


You should be able to:

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